The Face Mask is the New Safety Gear to Wear

3 Ply Facemask

“My mask could help you, your mask could help me.” Pat Toomey

As we enter day 4 of lockdown 3.0, the coronavirus continues to spread. With the global outbreak of COVID-19, masks, sanitizers, respirators and PPE kits are in short supply.

The Face Mask is the New Safety Gear to Wear

While respirators and PPE kits are mostly used by the frontline workers in white, sanitizers and face masks have become the most sought-after and essential commodity among the general public during the global pandemic. 3-ply surgical mask, N95 and KN95 masks are the most common masks with N95 the most recommended one among COVID-19 ‘s protective masks.

Though the masks may look similar, the quality of these masks varies wildly. So what’s the difference between different models? Can N95 be used instead of KN95? In this blog, we’ll give you a detailed introduction to all three masks.

About 3-ply masks

A 3 ply face mask is the surgical mask composed of three layers with each layer having very specific functions. The outer layer (a hydrophobic layer) can repel water, blood and body fluids.

The middle screening layer filters bacteria and also the water droplets. Lastly, there is an inner hydroponic layer which can absorb water, sweat and spit.

These type of masks is made up of a melt-blown material, which acts as a filter, placed between the non-woven fabric.

They are proven to be as effective as an N95 mask to prevent the spread of viral infections.


About N95 masks

An N95 mask or N95 respirator is a particulate-filtering mask that filters at least 95% of airborne particles. It is the most common face mask which protects against particulates. These masks are made in the USA.


About KN95 Masks

A piece of respiratory equipment, KN95 filters 95% of particulates greater than 0.3 microns. They provide significantly greater protection over standard masks and are approved by the CDC as the replacements for N95 masks. These masks are made in China.


Which one to choose: KN95 or N95?

N95 and KN95 are both qualified to capture ~95% of particles. Whereas KN95 masks are required to pass fit tests; N95 masks have slightly higher requirements for breath-ability.


Can I go with my homemade mask?

With a higher demand for N95 masks for healthcare workers, it is desirable for people to wear a home-made mask. Though it may not be as effective as other masks yet it can significantly safeguard against COVID-19. Its effectiveness can be enhanced coupled with basic safety precautions, such as social distancing and regular hand-washing.

Furthermore, if you have any unused medical-grade masks, kindly donate them to local hospitals.

To Know More: Staying Safe is in Your Hands

How to make your own face mask you may ask

Making a cloth face mask is simple and you don’t even need to take a professional sewing course for that.

Material required:

  • Any type of fabric like an old clean t-shirt or any other cloth (around 20” X 20”)
  • Rubber bands or hair ties


  • Fold the fabric in half – then fold top-down and fold the bottom up.
  • Place rubber bands or hair ties about 6 inches apart or as per the requirement.
  • Now fold each side to the middle and tuck the material inward. Your mask is ready to wear.

A tip: You can take an old nylon stocking, create a seal between the mask and the wearer’s face, preventing fewer particles from getting through.

How to put on and take off a face mask?

Before you put on a mask either wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or rub your hands thoroughly with alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

While putting it on:

  • Hold the rubber bands or ties while securing it to your face.
  • Avoid touching the fabric.
  • Make sure it fits comfily.

While taking it off:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer.
  • Use the straps (rubber bands or ties) to untie the mask.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
  • At once wash your hands after removing it.

Important Instructions

  • Always wear your mask in the same direction (facing outwards) every time you use it.
  • Masks should be machine-washed every time you use it using hot water and regular detergent.
    Dry it at a hot setting.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer before and after touching your mask.

Final Thoughts

We hope now you are well-versed with the ins and outs of face masks and wouldn’t panic buy.

Remember, the phase will soon pass and we shall come out safe and victorious learning a valuable lesson for healthy living.

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